A bone marrow transplant is considered a surgical procedure that involves replacing damaged stem cells with healthy stem cells of bone marrow. After such a successful transplant, the replaced stem cells begin developing new bone marrow cells to heal the damaged cells. Also called a bronchial cell transplant, the transplant can be done from your own body or a donor.
The past years have witnessed a rise in bone marrow transplant cost in India owing to its growing success rates. There is a considerable rise in the survival rates of successful bone marrow transplant surgeries to treat different types of blood cancers.
Why do you need a Bone Marrow Transplant?
The immune system of the human body dramatically relies on the bone marrow. The red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets work hand-in-hand to increase the immune system. When this immunity becomes weak, a person is prone to higher rates of infections and diseases. Thus, the proper functioning of the bone marrow is optimal. Hence, experts suggest that one carries out a bone marrow transplant when there’s a disease that deteriorates the functions of bone marrow.
When the bone marrow cannot produce stem cells, a bone marrow transplant is advised by the surgeon. Such transplants are most common in cancer patients prone to prolonged chemotherapy and exposed to higher radiation. The transplant helps the newer growth of stem cells and improves their immunity.
Risk Factors Post-Surgery
The success of the transplant majorly revolves around the condition of the patient. Age, health, and existing medical conditions play a great deal in the success of the transplant. The match of the donor marrow is another crucial factor in the transplant. Minor risk factors that a patient may face post-surgery include:
- Impaired taste
- Unstable blood pressure levels
- Continued headaches
- Breathing difficulties
- High fever
Major risk factors that a patient may face post-surgery are:
- Clotting in liver veins
- Internal bleeding
- Might develop a new cancer
- Premature menopause in women
Bone Marrow Transplant Cost in India
Bone marrow transplant is done under two circumstances:
- Autogeneic Transplant: The word ‘Auto’ means ‘self.’ This transplant is when the bone marrow is replaced from the same individual.
- Allogeneic Transplant: The word ‘Allo’ means ‘other.’ It indicates that the donor marrow is from a different person who matches the patient.
Process of Bone Marrow Transplant
- Collecting cells by increasing the cells through medication from a vein in the chest or arm.
- Depending on the patient’s medical conditions, chemotherapy or radiation therapy is performed.
- Transplanting the diseased cells with the new ones and infusing them by means of a catheter.
- After-care is suggested post-surgery with required medications, antibiotics, and continuous monitoring.
Choose the hospital wisely by researching and analyzing the hospital’s reputation in such transplants. Feel free to connect with patients who have already undergone such transplants. Check if the hospital chosen is covered under the insurance policy to claim the bone marrow transplant cost in India.