In collaboration with the kidneys, the liver is responsible for removing harmful chemicals and purifying the blood. It also has extra functions as a sugar storage system and a producer of digesting enzymes. Although hepatocellular carcinoma, or primary liver cancer, is the most common cause of cancer in the liver, it is also a common site for cancer spread from other organs. This is known as liver metastases or secondary liver cancer.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (commonly known as liver cancer) is one of the most common tumors in the world. Approximately 90% of these tumors grow in the liver and are deadly. It’s important to recognize and treat the tumor as soon as possible because it can quickly progress to death. Toxic alfatoxins, anabolic steroids, hemochromatotic disease, oral contraceptive pills and more can cause these cancer cells to spread to other parts of the liver as well as to organs outside of the liver.
Although the exact causes of all types of liver cancer remain unknown, there are certain established risk factors. Viral hepatitis infections, especially hepatitis B and C, obesity, diabetes, strong alcohol consumption, and hematochromatosis, an iron storage disorder, are among them. Cirrhosis, or scarring of the liver, is a risk factor for primary liver cancer, and many of these risk factors can lead to it.
Liver Cancer Diagnosis
Your doctor may order these tests to confirm your diagnosis and determine the size, location, type, and stage of your liver cancer.
To screen for liver enzymes and proteins, Blood tests are used which can suggest the existence of liver cancer. Blood tests can also be used to assess how well your liver is working.
- Imaging Tests
To determine the size and location of the tumor, a combination of CT, MRI, PET scans, and ultrasound may be used. While you may have had these tests before coming to Duke, your doctor may need to repeat them in order to tailor your Liver cancer treatment plan.
While certain liver tumors have features that may be detected on scans and are enough to diagnose them, a biopsy may be required to confirm your diagnosis. A tissue sample is taken from your liver during this operation, usually done with a needle guided by live CT or ultrasound. Under a microscope, the tissue sample is inspected for malignant cells and to confirm any diagnoses that are in doubt.
Liver Cancer Treatment Alternatives Used in Best Cancer Hospital
The stage, kind, and grade of your tumor, as well as the presence of underlying liver disorders, whether it has spread to other tissues, and your age, health history, and personal goals, all influence your treatment options. Following discussions with our multidisciplinary team, your individualized treatment plan will be developed, which may involve combining one or more of the following treatment options: surgery, liver-directed ablative therapy, systemic therapy, and radiation therapy. The stage of your cancer and whether it has progressed beyond the liver will determine your treatment strategy.
Below we have described some treatment options for your Liver Cancer Treatment in India.
- Surgery for Liver Cancer
Surgery is the best treatment choice for liver cancer that hasn’t progressed beyond the liver in most instances. Patients can choose from a few different sorts of liver cancer procedures. Gastrointestinal surgeons are trained to use the most up-to-date surgical procedures and techniques to treat your cancer, including minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery, robotic surgery, and endoscopic surgery. Your surgeon will explain all you need to know about your therapy, procedure, and recuperation.
- Resection of the liver
It is common for the cancerous liver tissue to be removed during the procedure, leaving the good tissue in place.
- Transplant of the liver
A liver transplant, common among cirrhosis patients, removes the damaged liver and replaces it with a healthy one.
- Interventional Radiology
Interventional radiology treats illnesses like liver cancer using imaging technologies and less invasive procedures.
- Radiofrequency Ablation (RFA)
RFA is a popular interventional radiology treatment that uses intense heat or cold to kill a malignant tumor, whereas embolization kills a tumor by cutting off its blood supply.
Chemotherapy is usually ineffective against liver cancer. Your doctor may recommend chemotherapy to prevent liver cancer from returning. Chemotherapy is a treatment that utilizes medicines delivered orally or by infusion therapy to reach and kill cancer cells all over the body. Some liver cancer patients may use this after surgery to shrink and target cancer cells that were missed during surgery.
The immune system is used to combat cancer in immunotherapy treatment for liver cancer. Some types of liver cancer can be treated with this.
- Targeted Treatment
Drugs and other substances precisely target malignant cells while protecting healthy cells in targeted medication treatment for liver cancer. It can also be used in conjunction with other treatments like chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
Max Hospital is one of the best liver cancer hospitals in India with several options for liver cancer treatment.
One technique, for example, uses Roman numerals I through IV, at the same time, another employs letters A through D. Your doctor will understand and identify the stage of your cancer to evaluate the best treatment options and prognosis.